The birth of child thrills, but also worries. How to take good care of this being so small and delicate? Well, around the parents there is no shortage of people to answer this question. “Parents are vulnerable to guesses that may not be good for either the baby or the mother, so the ideal is to consult the pediatrician as soon as possible,” says Debora Passos, a neonatologist at Pro Matre Hospital and Maternity in Sao Paulo.
To give it a go, we talk to specialists and separate care tips that the youngest family member can’t miss. Check out!
1) Still in maternity
In addition to the famous little toe test, the baby also tests the little eye, little heart, and tongue to check for congenital diseases, syndromes, or any other health threat. They are also vaccinated at the hospital against hepatitis B and take BCG, which protects them from tuberculosis.
2) Encourage breastfeeding
The first visit to the breast should preferably take place in the delivery room. Even if the baby does not suck at this time, the important thing is to stimulate skin-to-skin contact as it makes breastfeeding easier. Then the son leaves the room to take the vaccines and do the initial tests. Although some maternity wards offer milk formulas during this time, the baby usually has a nutrient reserve that will last a few hours until the next breastfeeding.
3) At home, restricted circulation
Doctors discourage visits in the first month of life, but if you want to receive someone, make sure the person is healthy and the visits are short about 15 minutes. Everyone has to wash their hands immediately before touching the baby. The same rule applies to parents.
4) A silent home
The child has just emerged from an environment of pure peace, the mother’s womb. Therefore, the house should be equally quiet and quiet in the early days of life. Especially during breastfeeding and at bedtime.
5) The bath
Still, in the maternity ward, the nurse will have a demonstrative bath in the room. Then just play at home by following a few steps. First, leave everything you need around – namely, hypoallergenic glycerine liquid soap that will fit your body and head, towel, cotton, diaper, and clothing. The bathwater should be at 36 degrees, warm but comfortable. Experts recommend that early in life, the baby’s body should be wrapped in a head towel to be washed first. Then dry the head and then wash the body gently.
6) Changing the diaper
No need to change every time the newborn pee, but the period is heavy diaper consumption because they will poop about eight times a day. When changing, avoid wet wipes, which contain chemicals that can irritate the baby’s skin. Prefer cotton and warm water. Boys and girls should always be cleaned from front to back, and in their case, the foreskin should not be forced downward. The cleanliness is always gentle.
7) What to do with the umbilical stump
Usually, the remnant of the umbilical cord falls until the 15th day of life. By then, you need to sanitize his base, closest to the skin, with 70% alcohol with each diaper change. It’s normal to get some blood out.
8) The first visits to the pediatrician
This occurs in the first week after hospital discharge to assess breastfeeding and the health of the baby. At this meeting, the doctor sets the pace of the next visits, which usually take place on the 15th day, the first month, and then monthly.
9) Avoid tours in the first month
With the exception of the pediatrician, the baby should not go to the street early in life. In addition to over-contact with too many people posing a direct risk to the baby’s health, busy environments with loud noises and smells can stress the baby. But brief trips to grandparents’ houses or other quiet places are cleared.
10) Clean the nose before breastfeeding
And not only when it oozes or appears clogged. Prior to breastfeeding, the nostrils should be sanitized with infant-specific physiological spray serums as they have the softest jet.
11) How to clean the ear and eyes
The ear should not be cleaned, simply wipe the towel itself or a cotton swab very gently after the ear, which then needs to be thoroughly dried. The eyes should be cleaned while bathing with cotton and water. Some children, however, water more, and in this case, the little eye may be cleaned at other times.
12) Do not clean mouth
The lips, of course, can be cleaned after breastfeeding, but there is no need to wash the inside of the mouth, even if there is a layer of milk on the baby’s tongue.
13) Position on lap
As it is very common at this stage to have reflux, the head should always be higher than the rest of the body. The little one still does not have the strength to support the head, so parents should always hold it with their hands. Some positions also help relieve cramps.
14) Normal and worrying jaundice
Most children have the problem, which turns their skin yellow and peaks around the 7th day of life. After that, the color gradually returns to normal. But if the yellow is too intense, it is best to check with the pediatrician if everything is ok.
They should occur, but only after the first consultation with the pediatrician. And they are brief, at most 15 minutes a day, only on the baby’s legs because their skin is very delicate, outside the period of greatest incidence of ultraviolet rays, which occurs between 10h and 16h or 17h in warmer seasons. Even indirect natural light already helps.
16) How to relieve cramps
From the third week, the intestinal cramps begin to show. It’s normal, but the baby will cry with the discomfort. It is possible to relieve pain with massages taught by the pediatrician, who also prescribes medications if necessary. Warm compresses, never directly on the baby’s skin, also help.
17) Avoid the pacifier
Before the first 15 days, the pacifier is prohibited because it disturbs breastfeeding. But even after that, it can cause early weaning and other problems for the baby, according to a recent publication by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics.
18) It’s not just the baby who needs care
This is a very tense period for parents, especially the nursing mother, who is often overwhelmed by the constant demand from her child. The father needs to participate actively and the whole family to support everything to go smoothly, like a baby’s sleep.